World leaders must not politicize the coronavirus pandemic but unite to fight it, the head of the World Health Organization warned Monday, reminding all that the pandemic is still accelerating and producing record daily increases in infections.

The comments by Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus, who has faced criticism from U.S. President Donald Trump, comes as the number of reported infections soared in Brazil, Iraq, India and southern and western U.S. states, straining local hospitals.

In New York City, once the epicentre of the U.S. outbreak, Monday was a key day for lifting many coronavirus lockdown restrictions.

It took more than three months for the world to see one million virus infections, but the last one million cases have come in just eight days, Tedros said during a videoconference for the Dubai-based World Government Summit.

Tedros never mentioned Trump’s name or the fact that he is determined to pull the United States out of the UN health agency but warned against “politicizing” the pandemic.

“The greatest threat we face now is not the virus itself, it’s the lack of global solidarity and global leadership,” he said. “We cannot defeat this pandemic with a divided world.”

Pandemic ‘still accelerating’

Trump has criticized the WHO for its early response to the outbreak and what he considers its excessive praise of China, where the outbreak began, as his administration’s response in the U.S. has come under scrutiny. In response, Trump has threatened to end all U.S. funding for the WHO.

Nearly nine million people have been infected by the virus worldwide and more than 468,000 have died, according to figures compiled by Johns Hopkins University. Experts say the actual numbers are much higher, as a result of limited testing and asymptomatic cases.

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“The COVID-19 pandemic has demonstrated that, indeed, the world was not prepared,” Tedros said. “Globally, the pandemic is still accelerating.”

Companies around the world are racing to find a vaccine to counter COVID-19 and there is a fierce debate about how to make sure that vaccine is distributed fairly.

Speaking later in the conference, WHO’s special envoy on COVID-19, Dr. David Nabarro, said he believed it would be “2½ years until there will be vaccine for everybody in the world.”

“Even if there’s a candidate by the end of the year, the safety and efficacy tests will take some time,” the British physician said. “And then the effort has to be put into producing large amounts of vaccine so everyone in the world can get it and then organizing the vaccination programs.”

He added: “I would love it to be proved wrong.”

India’s health system strained

India’s health care system has been slammed by the virus. The country’s caseload climbed by nearly 15,000 Monday to 425,282, with more than 13,000 deaths.

After easing a countrywide lockdown, the Indian government ran special trains to return thousands of migrant workers to their villages in recent weeks. Nearly 90 per cent of India’s poorest districts have cases, although the outbreak remains centred in Delhi, Maharashtra and Tamil Nadu states, which are home to major cities.

In Pakistan, infections are accelerating and hospitals are having to turn away patients, with new cases up to 6,800 a day in mid-June. The government has relaxed pandemic restrictions, hoping to salvage a near-collapsed economy as the number of people living in poverty has risen to 40 per cent, up from 30 per cent of the population of 220 million people.

In Iraq, masked workers were setting up makeshift coronavirus wards in Baghdad’s vast exhibition grounds as a long-dreaded spike in infections strained its overstretched hospitals, battered by years of conflict and poor infrastructure.

Passengers, wearing face shields because of the COVID-19 coronavirus, sit inside a bus in the Iranian capital of Tehran on June 22, 2020. (Atta Kenare/AFP/Getty Images)

More than two-thirds of the new deaths of late have been reported in the Americas. The coronavirus has killed about 120,000 people across the U.S., more than 50,000 in Brazil and nearly 22,000 in Mexico. U.S. authorities have reported more than 30,000 new infections a day in the last few days.

Infections have slowed in China and South Korea, suggesting some progress in stemming their newest outbreaks. South Korea reported 17 new cases, the first time its daily increase fell to less than 20 in nearly a month and Beijing’s increase was in single digits for the first time in eight days.

Worry over supply of AIDS drugs

The UN AIDS agency, meanwhile, warned that the pandemic could jeopardize the supply of AIDS drugs in developing countries and lead to deadly shortages. UNAIDS said lockdowns and border closures adopted to stop the spread of COVID-19 were affecting both the production and distribution of the medicines, which could result in higher costs and shortages in the next two months.

As of June 2019, UNAIDS estimated more than 24 million people were on life-saving anti-retroviral drugs.

“I call on countries and buyers of HIV medicines to act swiftly in order to ensure everyone who is currently on treatment continues to be on it,” said Winnie Byanyima, executive director of UNAIDS in a statement.

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